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Yoga Principle >> Yoga System >> Yoga Initiation
Sacred Yoga Initiation ceremony/rite purifies all sins of a devotee/disciple. During initiation, Shadadhvashodhan rite (karma) is called as sanskar. With the effect of this shadadhvashodhan rite/karma or sanskar, disciple gets perfect right in worship. Sanskar means purification. This sanskar of yoga initiation gives spiritual science and weakens the bondage (pāsha), that's why this sanskar is also known as initiation. According to Shiva Puran there are three types of initiation:
1. Shambhavi Initiation (Shambhavi Diksha):
When disciple (devotee) gets spiritual experience, knowledge and eternal love in the lotus feet of God by the grace of sacred glance, touch or talk of Guru, this type of initiation is called as Shambhavi Initiation. Nature (sat, raj, tam 3 fold prakriti), Intellect/wisdom(buddhi), Ego (sat, raj, tam three fold ego) and 5 subtle elements or tanmatras (sound, touch, form, taste, smell) these eight are collectively known as bondage. Body and the physical world are produced by these eight bondages. Group of these eight bondages is the cycle of creation. And the God is free from nature etc. eight bondages. This bondage weakens and finally destroyed or unfolded totally during yoga initiation rite performed by the Guru. This initiation has two distinctions according to slowness and fastness of weakening of bondage i.e. Fast and Faster. The initiation which instantly gives peace known as faster initiation (tivra diksha). The initiation which slowly purifies the sins and slowly weakens the bondage is known as fast initiation (tivra diksha).
A very good example of shambhavi initiation is the initiation given by Ramkrishna Paramhansa to Swami Vivekananda. Ramkrishna Paramhansa touched and slightly pressed the thumb of swami Vivekananda and swami Vivekananda instantly experienced freeness from bondage and the bliss of realization of supreme-self.
2. Shakti Initiation (Shakti Diksha):
When Guru enters in the body of disciple (devotee) by parakayapravesha method and then enlighten him with the light of knowledge of supreme-self, the initiation is known as Shakti Initiation.
3. Mantri Initiation (Mantri Diksha)
In mantri initiation an area for sacrifice and fire pit (havan kunda) is made first, then Guru purifies the disciple from outside by transmitting power or shakti paat. Disciple is able to get the grace of Guru according to power transmission (shaktipaat). Without power transmission disciple is not get purified, neither he get knowledge, liberation, any supernatural powers nor get accomplishment. Therefore Guru conduct many power transmission sessions and analyses the indications produced by transmission and then purifies the disciple by knowledge or a particular set of rites. Eminent realization and eternal bliss is the indication of power transmission, because blissful realization is the characteristic of divine power. Satrvik vikar (formation of purity and goodness) induced in the heart is the sign or signal of bliss and realization. When sattvik vikar is induced in heart, then vibration (kampan), standing hairs on ends (romanch), variation of voice (chiked voice appears in throat, knon as swara vikar), tears comes out of the eyes (Netra Vikar), inanimation, sweating etc. (Anga Vikar) appears in physical body.
Disciple should also examine above said signs and signals in his Guru by being with him all the time or especially at the time of worship. If these signs appears in his Guru the disciple should consider him as a form of God and should become his student/disciple. Otherwise he should try to find the Guru elsewhere or imagine God himself as Guru and start the yoga practice.
After description of kinds and definition of yoga initiation, let us know the process of initiation, i.e. Samay Sanskar (Initiation process of Samayaachaar) and shadadhvashodhana process.
Shadadhvashodhan initiation process is followed by Samay Sanskar initiation process.
Yoga Initiation Process :